Because of their greater longevity, women are at greater risk than men for chronic disorders and disabilities that increase with age, such as cancer, obesity, arthritis, osteoporosis and heart disease. Older women are also more likely to live in poverty than older men. Health needs and services for various populations have come to the fore as states work to make their systems more efficient and consider covering more people under the implementation of federal health reform. This report, the third in a series on women's health, highlights diseases and health challenges common to women, opportunities to improve access to care and effective treatment, and strategies to prevent health conditions and problems before they become problematic and costly.
Women, who are key to maintaining healthy families, access the health system more than men, both for themselves and their children. Many become pregnant and give birth, a major health event, and then tend to become the primary caregivers of their children, a role that greatly influences overall household health. Long-term care and elder problems affect women more often because they live longer; they have higher rates of disability and chronic health problems; and lower incomes than men on average, placing them in greater need of state and community resources, such as Medicaid. Throughout her life, a woman's health status is important to her, her family, and to state budgets.
Legislators struggle with tight budgets and changing health laws, including the realities of implementing federal health reform under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, if women's needs are ignored in these discussions, states miss important opportunities to improve residents' health and gain partners to create a healthier society. Review the latest information on visitor policies, safety procedures, immunizations and more in the COVID-19 Resource Center. Symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain, shortness of breath, and weakness in the arms.
Women are also likely to experience shortness of breath and nausea or vomiting. However, women may not recognize their symptoms as a heart attack and rule it out for exercising too much or having heartburn. And while menopause doesn't cause heart disease, certain risk factors are more common after menopause, such as higher blood pressure and cholesterol, and decreased estrogen. There is also a link between pregnancy and stroke.
Preeclampsia, a condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy, may increase the risk of stroke. Neurological events in which blood clot disorders are more likely to occur due to hypercoagulation or excessive blood clotting, which can also occur during pregnancy. These blood clots can then restrict blood flow to the brain. While diabetes is certainly not exclusive to women, it does increase the risk of heart disease four times in women.
Women are also more susceptible to diabetes-related complications, such as blindness, kidney disease, and depression. Gestational diabetes is a condition that can occur during pregnancy, in which the glucose level rises and other complications occur. This occurs in at least 3 out of 100 women, and treatment may include a careful diet, exercise, blood glucose control, insulin injections, and oral medication. Diabetes can also cause difficulties during pregnancy, such as miscarriages and birth defects.
Special tests and controls may be needed for pregnant women who have diabetes, especially those who depend on insulin. To reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, try to maintain a healthy weight, exercise often, and stop smoking. There are more than 30 types of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). One of the most common, human papillomavirus (HPV), can be prevented with the HPV vaccine.
About 80 percent of sexually active men and women will become infected with HPV at some point in their lives. There are more than 100 types, with at least 14 related to cancer, says Dr. The highest risk types in the United States are types 16 and 18, both related to cervical precancer. Only surpassed by skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer in American women.
In fact, American women have a 12 percent chance of developing breast cancer in their lifetime. Alzheimer's disease is a form of brain degeneration in which abnormal particles called neurofibrillary tangles and plaques form in the brain and destroy healthy brain cells. Of the 5 million Americans living with Alzheimer's disease, more than two-thirds are women. While this has historically been thought to be the result of women living longer, scientists are studying whether it could also be related to genetic variations.
Healthy lifestyle choices, such as staying active and eating a healthy diet, can help promote optimal brain health. An official website of the United States government. does gov mean it's official. Federal government websites typically end in.
Gov or. grand. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you are on a federal government site. Call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room if you have a medical emergency.
Enter a city, zip code (such as 2000), address, state, or location A federal government website administered by the Office of Women's Health in the Office of the U.S. UU. Department of Health and Human Services. Women are more likely to suffer heart disease 10 years later than men, and about 42 percent of women who have a heart attack die within a year.
More efficient healthcare should also lead to better health care, as patients are assisted to manage complex medical conditions and avoid unnecessary costs, such as preventable emergency room visits. Improving access to insurance coverage, preventing and reducing chronic health conditions, and promoting well-being significantly affect the lives of women of all ages. Their physical strength and memory weaken, and many women end up living alone for the remaining years, contributing to mental health problems. Employer-sponsored insurance coverage represents the majority (about 57 percent) of coverage for adult women who are not elderly; however, 24 percent of these women are covered as dependents in a spouse's plan, putting their health insurance at risk if their marital status or the work of their spouse change.
As legislators consider the wide range of health policies in their state, they may want to explore opportunities to improve women's health. To address disparities in insurance coverage for women, states have taken a number of steps to improve accessibility, including expanding Medicaid eligibility for pregnant women and banning insurance policies that discriminate against women. Gynecological health and disorders affecting women include menstruation and menstrual irregularities; urinary tract health, including urinary incontinence and pelvic floor disorders; and disorders such as bacterial vaginosis, vaginitis, uterine fibroids, and vulvodynia. Providing ways to change behaviors associated with a higher incidence of chronic diseases and disabilities can lead to healthier employees, reduce health care and health insurance costs, reduce absenteeism, and increase productivity.
Issues related to women's overall health and well-being include violence against women, women with disabilities and their unique challenges, osteoporosis and bone health, and menopause. Women face unique challenges in health care and are more likely to be diagnosed with certain diseases than men. During times of physiological change, women are more susceptible to mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and eating disorders. Since women represent the cornerstone of a family's overall health, ensuring that they have access to quality care can also lead to improved health for children and families.
Small businesses, those with fewer than 25 full-time employees, can take advantage of the Small Business Health Care Tax Credit to help offset the employer's cost of providing health benefits. The health of women and girls is of particular concern because, in many societies, they are disadvantaged by discrimination based on socio-cultural factors. . .