Some of the most common diseases in women are those that men can also get, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. However, some diseases are only common in women. These are diseases that affect the female organs, such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina. These organs can develop cysts, fibroids, or cancers.
Decreased ovarian hormones cause menstrual irregularities, hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleep disorders, pain during sex, infertility, weight gain and a bad mood. During this time, health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, obesity and infertility can also become more prominent, says Dr. As women age, they face the gynecological symptoms that come with menopause, which can include urinary incontinence, vaginal atrophy and dryness, and pain with sexual intercourse (dyspareunia), explains Dr. Women also face health problems such as cancer, osteoporosis and diabetes.
Cancer is the leading cause of death for women over 45, followed by heart disease. Two important factors influencing women's health, namely, girls' school enrolment rates and increased women's political participation, have increased in many parts of the world. The health problems women experience vary according to their age, genetics, and lifestyle. To address disparities in insurance coverage for women, states have taken a number of steps to improve accessibility, including expanding Medicaid eligibility for pregnant women and banning insurance policies that discriminate against women.
Babies of women who receive late prenatal care or who do not receive prenatal care are twice as likely to have a low birth weight, compared to babies of women who receive prenatal care during the first trimester. This report, the third in a series on women's health, highlights diseases and health challenges common to women, opportunities to improve access to care and effective treatment, and strategies to prevent health conditions and problems before they become problematic and costly. Issues related to women's overall health and well-being include violence against women, women with disabilities and their unique challenges, osteoporosis and bone health, and menopause. Employer-sponsored insurance coverage represents the majority (about 57 percent) of coverage for adult women who are not elderly; however, 24 percent of these women are covered as dependents in a spouse's plan, putting their health insurance at risk if their marital status or the work of their spouse change.
Long-term care and elder problems affect women more often because they live longer; they have higher rates of disability and chronic health problems; and they have lower incomes than men on average, placing them in greater need of state and community resources, such as Medicaid. Too many women continue to miss the opportunity to receive education, support themselves, and get the health services they need, when they need them. Preventive care is of paramount importance because it can prevent or minimize many of the common health problems women experience. Combine the higher risk of poverty with other conditions of old age, such as dementia, and older women are also at greater risk of abuse and, in general, ill health.
This means not only setting goals and indicators, but catalyzing commitments in terms of policies, funding and action, to ensure that the future brings health to all women and girls, whoever they are, wherever they live. Getting the right treatment for chronic diseases and other health problems is difficult when people don't have health insurance. The National Institute of Mental Health reports that about 12 million women are affected by a depressive disorder each year, compared to approximately 6 million men. Because women represent the cornerstone of a family's overall health, ensuring they have access to quality care can also lead to better health for children and families.